Heat-Related Illnesses

Health & Wellness | June 24th, 2022

Reading Time: 3 Minute/s

Heat-Related Illnesses

Health & Wellness

Heat-Related Illnesses

Posted on June 24th, 2022 - Reading Time: 3 Minute/s

As summer arrives in Washington, we are eager to get out in the sunshine and soak up the rays, but as temperatures rise, so do the occurrence of heat-related illnesses.


Heat-Related Illnesses

It’s important to know what precautions to take to stay safe in the summer months. Heat-related illnesses are preventable. Some people such as seniors, children and those with chronic conditions are more vulnerable to hot weather. Learn the symptoms and what to do if you or a loved one shows signs of having a heat-related illness.

Heat Stroke

What to look for What to do
  • High body temperature (103°F or higher)
  • Hot, red, dry, or damp skin
  • Fast, strong pulse
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Losing consciousness (passing out)
  • Call 911 right away-heat stroke is a medical emergency
  • Move the person to a cooler place
  • Help lower the person’s temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath
  • Do not give the person anything to drink

Heat Exhaustion

What to look for What to do
  • Heavy sweating
  • Cold, pale, and clammy skin
  • Fast, weak pulse
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Muscle cramps
  • Tiredness or weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Fainting (passing out)
  • Move to a cool place
  • Loosen your clothes
  • Put cool, wet cloths on your body or take a cool bath
  • Sip water

Get medical help right away if:

  • You are throwing up
  • Your symptoms get worse
  • Your symptoms last longer than 1 hour

Heat Cramps

What to look for What to do
  • Heavy sweating during intense exercise
  • Muscle pain or spasms
  • Stop physical activity and move to a cool place
  • Drink water or a sports drink
  • Wait for cramps to go away before you do any more physical activity

Get medical help right away if:

  • Cramps last longer than 1 hour
  • You’re on a low-sodium diet
  • You have heart problems

Sunburn

What to look for What to do
  • Painful, red, and warm skin
  • Blisters on the skin
  • Stay out of the sun until your sunburn heals
  • Put cool cloths on sunburned areas or take a cool bath
  • Put moisturizing lotion on sunburned areas
  • Do not break blisters

Heat Rash

What to look for What to do
  • Red clusters of small blisters that look like pimples on the skin (usually on the neck, chest, groin, or in elbow creases)
  • Stay in a cool, dry place
  • Keep the rash dry
  • Use powder (like baby powder) to soothe the rash

Learn more

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